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Recollection of Jakarta and the suburbs
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    The table of contents
  1. An outline of Indonesia    (It is an outline, such as geography and history.)
  2. The rainy season and the dry season    (There are the rainy season and the dry season instead of the four seasons.)
  3. To Jakarta in summer from Japan in winter    (Even if Japan is in winter, Jakarta is in summer.)
  4. Central Museum, "Museum Nasional"    (The replica of the bone of Java man etc.)
  5. Indonesia in Miniature Park, "Taman Mini Indonesia Indah"    (Exhibition of culture and tradition in Indonesia)
  6. Ragunan Zoo, "Ragunan Zoological Park"    (Animals peculiar to Indonesia)
  7. Bogor    (To "City of rain" where a clear stream flows)
  8. Bandung    (To the city of a plateau)
  9. Scenery of the Jakarta suburbs    (The sight of a rich country zone etc.)
  10. Tropical fruits    (a durian and a mangosteen, etc.)
  11. Topics that are only here    (Play of children, etc.)
  12. Tropical flowers    (The flowers that bloom in the tropical rainy season)
  13. The Indonesian language that is easy to memorize    (Explanation of the easy Indonesia language)

    I had opportunities to visit Java Island (Jakarta suburbs) of the Republic of Indonesia four times from November 1996 to April 1997, and also visited from November 2001 to December. I recollect Jakarta and its suburbs, etc. about things that I looked and felt while separating work at holidays etc.

    1. An outline of Indonesia

(1) The whole map of Indonesia

The whole Indonesia map

    Indonesia is a nation that consists of about 14,000 islands, and the entire country's area is about five times as wide as Japan. For example, Pulau Sumatra (Sumatra Island) and Kalimantan (It is called Borneo in Malaysia.) are the bigger islands by itself than the territory of Japan. There is about 5,150 kilometers in Indonesia at east and west between Sumatra of west and Irian Jaya (New Guinea Island) of east, in comparison with a distance of about 3,000 kilometers between north and south of the Japanese islands. Since a flight distance from Kansai Airport of Japan to Singapore is a little shorter than 5,000 kilometers, it becomes a standard of a distance of east and west. There is about 1,800 kilometers distance across the equator to the direction of north and south. It is the multiracial nation that is composed of a race of over 200 with about 213 million population (1998). It is considered that about 90 percent of a people are Muslims.

    A capital is Jakarta in Java Island (Pulau Java), it is said that about 60 percent of the total population live in Java Island, and it is an island of the political and economic centers in Indonesia. Jakarta is in latitude six degrees south (in lat. 6° S.) belonging to the Torrid Zone, and population exceeds 10 million. Java Island is a slender island toward east and west of about 1,000 kilometers in east and west, and north and south is about 200 kilometers. The area is about 134,000 square kilometers including Madura of a territory island, and is about 58% of area of Honshu (the main island of Japan) in Japan. The sightseeing to Java Island is not very activity recently due to the political situation and others. On the sightseeing situation, Bali Island that is located at the east side of the Java Island is famous, and Bintan Island close to equator that is near from Singapore is famous next.

(2) History of Java Island

    Indonesia that centers Java Island is a country that has history of Java man's (Pithecanthropus) from age of ancient times. Along with introduction of Hinduism and Buddhism, many kingdoms had prospered and declined after the 5th century. For example, the Borobudur ruins in eastern part of Java Island are the Buddhism ruins that prospered in the 8th century. Then, Islam was introduced.

    The East India Company of the Netherlands went into Indonesia in 1619, and the Netherlands had colonized Indonesia. The East India Company of the Netherlands went into Indonesia in 1619, and the Netherlands had colonized Indonesia. Jakarta was being called "Jacatra" in the early days of the Tokugawa (Edo) period in Japan, a lot of the Japanese lived in there, and Jakarta was a base for Dutch ships that made voyages to Nagasaki. The present "Jyaga-imo" (potato) is the abbreviation of "Jacatra-imo", and was introduced from Jakarta in the Keicyo era (1596-1615) of the Tokugawa (Edo) period. The Netherlands was calling Jakarta "Batavia". Indonesia was temporarily occupied by Britain at the beginning of the 19th century, and was colonized to the Netherlands after that again.
    The Japanese army invaded into Indonesia by the Pacific War started in 1941, and the Netherlands army surrendered. The Japanese army had surrendered in 1945, then Sukarno (founding president) declared the Republic of Indonesia's independence on August 17 in the same year. Although the war of independence had continued between the Netherlands and Indonesia after that, the Netherlands declared independence of Indonesia formally in December 1949.

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